|Linking Values to Behavior - Suggested Answers|
List of pairs that match..
|1- Use of understatement||H- Indirectness||China/Thailand|
|2- Asking people to call you by your first name||F- Informality||Australia/UnitedStates|
|3- Taking off from work to attend the funeral of an aunt||B- Centrality of family||Venezuela/Korea|
|4- Not helping the person next to you on an exam||I- Self-reliance||Switzerland/Canada|
|5- Disagreeing openly with someone at a meeting||A- Directness||Germany/England|
|6- Not laying off an older worker whose performance is weak||E- Respect for age||Japan/Pakistan|
|7- At a meeting, agreeing with a suggestion you think is wrong||D- Saving face||Asia generally|
|8- Inviting the teaboy to eat lunch with you in your office||J- Egalitarianism||Cambodia/Vietnam|
|9- Asking the headmaster’s opinion about something you’re an expert on||G- Deference to authority||India/Brazil|
|10- Accepting, without question, that something can’t be changed||C- External Control||Saudi Arabia/Turkey|
As you can see, values are inextricably linked to
behaviors. They tend to reinforce
one another. Although we have given
you only one example of the kind of behaviors that might be a result of acting on
the basis of a value, thousands of behaviors you might witness everyday abroad
and at home can be traced back to a few core values.
For example, Directness as a value may be easily seen in
US-American society in the candid and blunt way people often speak to one
another, “telling it like it is,” or in the way the educational system
rewards speaking out and volunteering answers in the classroom. In much of Asia, it is Indirectness which is valued and can be seen in
how people are often much more circumspect and reserved in academic settings and
everyday social interaction, even using third-parties to make requests of or
smooth over a problem between friends.
Being able to identify and understand the values which lie
behind people’s actions is an important starting point in learning both how to
adapt behaviorally to a new cultural context and in connecting these behaviors
to the motivations behind the "rules and regulations" of a society.
|INSIGHT..! Behavior makes more sense when you understand the value or belief behind it.|